Analyze cricket players and cricket teams with cricpy template

Introduction

This post shows how you can analyze batsmen, bowlers see Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers and cricket teams see Cricpy adds team analytics to its arsenal! in Test, ODI and T20s using cricpy templates, with data from ESPN Cricinfo.

The cricpy package

A. Analyzing batsmen and bowlers in Test, ODI and T20s

The data for a particular player can be obtained with the getPlayerData() function. To do you will need to go to ESPN CricInfo Player and type in the name of the player for e.g Rahul Dravid, Virat Kohli, Alastair Cook etc. This will bring up a page which have the profile number for the player e.g. for Rahul Dravid this would be http://www.espncricinfo.com/india/content/player/28114.html. Hence, Dravid’s profile is 28114. This can be used to get the data for Rahul Dravid as shown below

and select the player you want Please mindful of the ESPN Cricinfo Terms of Use

My posts on Cripy were

  1. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers
  2. Cricpy takes a swing at the ODIs
  3. Cricpy takes guard for the Twenty20s

You can clone/download this cricpy template for your own analysis of players. This can be done using RStudio or IPython notebooks

The cricpy package is now available with pip install cricpy!!!

1 Importing cricpy – Python

# Install the package
# Do a pip install cricpy
# Import cricpy
import cricpy.analytics as ca 
## C:\Users\Ganesh\ANACON~1\lib\site-packages\statsmodels\compat\pandas.py:56: FutureWarning: The pandas.core.datetools module is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Please use the pandas.tseries module instead.
##   from pandas.core import datetools

2. Invoking functions with Python package cricpy

import cricpy.analytics as ca 
#ca.batsman4s("aplayer.csv","A Player")

3. Getting help from cricpy – Python

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#help(ca.getPlayerData)

The details below will introduce the different functions that are available in cricpy.

4. Get the player data for a player using the function getPlayerData()

Important Note This needs to be done only once for a player. This function stores the player’s data in the specified CSV file (for e.g. dravid.csv as above) which can then be reused for all other functions). Once we have the data for the players many analyses can be done. This post will use the stored CSV file obtained with a prior getPlayerData for all subsequent analyses

4a. For Test players

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#player1 =ca.getPlayerData(profileNo1,dir="..",file="player1.csv",type="batting",homeOrAway=[1,2], result=[1,2,4])
#player1 =ca.getPlayerData(profileNo2,dir="..",file="player2.csv",type="batting",homeOrAway=[1,2], result=[1,2,4])

4b. For ODI players

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#player1 =ca.getPlayerDataOD(profileNo1,dir="..",file="player1.csv",type="batting")
#player1 =ca.getPlayerDataOD(profileNo2,dir="..",file="player2.csv",type="batting"")

4c For T20 players

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#player1 =ca.getPlayerDataTT(profileNo1,dir="..",file="player1.csv",type="batting")
#player1 =ca.getPlayerDataTT(profileNo2,dir="..",file="player2.csv",type="batting"")

5 A Player’s performance – Basic Analyses

The 3 plots below provide the following for Rahul Dravid

  1. Frequency percentage of runs in each run range over the whole career
  2. Mean Strike Rate for runs scored in the given range
  3. A histogram of runs frequency percentages in runs ranges

import cricpy.analytics as ca
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


#ca.batsmanRunsFreqPerf("aplayer.csv","A Player")
#ca.batsmanMeanStrikeRate("aplayer.csv","A Player")
#ca.batsmanRunsRanges("aplayer.csv","A Player") 

6. More analyses

This gives details on the batsmen’s 4s, 6s and dismissals

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsman4s("aplayer.csv","A Player")
#ca.batsman6s("aplayer.csv","A Player") 
#ca.batsmanDismissals("aplayer.csv","A Player")

# The below function is for ODI and T20 only
#ca.batsmanScoringRateODTT("./kohli.csv","Virat Kohli")  

7. 3D scatter plot and prediction plane

The plots below show the 3D scatter plot of Runs versus Balls Faced and Minutes at crease. A linear regression plane is then fitted between Runs and Balls Faced + Minutes at crease

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.battingPerf3d("aplayer.csv","A Player")

8. Average runs at different venues

The plot below gives the average runs scored at different grounds. The plot also the number of innings at each ground as a label at x-axis.

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.batsmanAvgRunsGround("aplayer.csv","A Player")

9. Average runs against different opposing teams

This plot computes the average runs scored against different countries.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanAvgRunsOpposition("aplayer.csv","A Player")

10. Highest Runs Likelihood

The plot below shows the Runs Likelihood for a batsman.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanRunsLikelihood("aplayer.csv","A Player")

11. A look at the Top 4 batsman

Choose any number of players

1.Player1 2.Player2 3.Player3 …

The following plots take a closer at their performances. The box plots show the median the 1st and 3rd quartile of the runs

12. Box Histogram Plot

This plot shows a combined boxplot of the Runs ranges and a histogram of the Runs Frequency

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanPerfBoxHist("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanPerfBoxHist("aplayer002.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanPerfBoxHist("aplayer003.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanPerfBoxHist("aplayer004.csv","A Player004")

13. get Player Data special

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#player1sp = ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile1,tdir=".",tfile="player1sp.csv",ttype="batting")
#player2sp = ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile2,tdir=".",tfile="player2sp.csv",ttype="batting")
#player3sp = ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile3,tdir=".",tfile="player3sp.csv",ttype="batting")
#player4sp = ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile4,tdir=".",tfile="player4sp.csv",ttype="batting")

14. Contribution to won and lost matches

Note:This can only be used for Test matches

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanContributionWonLost("player1sp.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanContributionWonLost("player2sp.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanContributionWonLost("player3sp.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanContributionWonLost("player4sp.csv","A Player004")

15. Performance at home and overseas

Note:This can only be used for Test matches This function also requires the use of getPlayerDataSp() as shown above

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.batsmanPerfHomeAway("player1sp.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanPerfHomeAway("player2sp.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanPerfHomeAway("player3sp.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanPerfHomeAway("player4sp.csv","A Player004")

16 Moving Average of runs in career

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanMovingAverage("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanMovingAverage("aplayer002.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanMovingAverage("aplayer003.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanMovingAverage("aplayer004.csv","A Player004")

17 Cumulative Average runs of batsman in career

This function provides the cumulative average runs of the batsman over the career.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanCumulativeAverageRuns("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeAverageRuns("aplayer002.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeAverageRuns("aplayer003.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeAverageRuns("aplayer004.csv","A Player004")

18 Cumulative Average strike rate of batsman in career

.

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.batsmanCumulativeStrikeRate("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeStrikeRate("aplayer002.csv","A Player002")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeStrikeRate("aplayer003.csv","A Player003")
#ca.batsmanCumulativeStrikeRate("aplayer004.csv","A Player004")

19 Future Runs forecast

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.batsmanPerfForecast("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")

20 Relative Batsman Cumulative Average Runs

The plot below compares the Relative cumulative average runs of the batsman for each of the runs ranges of 10 and plots them.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

frames = ["aplayer1.csv","aplayer2.csv","aplayer3.csv","aplayer4.csv"]
names = ["A Player1","A Player2","A Player3","A Player4"]
#ca.relativeBatsmanCumulativeAvgRuns(frames,names)

21 Plot of 4s and 6s

import cricpy.analytics as ca

frames = ["aplayer1.csv","aplayer2.csv","aplayer3.csv","aplayer4.csv"]
names = ["A Player1","A Player2","A Player3","A Player4"]
#ca.batsman4s6s(frames,names)

22. Relative Batsman Strike Rate

The plot below gives the relative Runs Frequency Percetages for each 10 run bucket. The plot below show

import cricpy.analytics as ca

frames = ["aplayer1.csv","aplayer2.csv","aplayer3.csv","aplayer4.csv"]
names = ["A Player1","A Player2","A Player3","A Player4"]
#ca.relativeBatsmanCumulativeStrikeRate(frames,names)

23. 3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease

The plot is a scatter plot of Runs vs Balls faced and Minutes at Crease. A prediction plane is fitted

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.battingPerf3d("aplayer001.csv","A Player001")
#ca.battingPerf3d("aplayer002.csv","A Player002")
#ca.battingPerf3d("aplayer003.csv","A Player003")
#ca.battingPerf3d("aplayer004.csv","A Player004")

24. Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease

A multi-variate regression plane is fitted between Runs and Balls faced +Minutes at crease.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

BF = np.linspace( 10, 400,15)
Mins = np.linspace( 30,600,15)
newDF= pd.DataFrame({'BF':BF,'Mins':Mins})

#aplayer = ca.batsmanRunsPredict("aplayer.csv",newDF,"A Player")
#print(aplayer)

The fitted model is then used to predict the runs that the batsmen will score for a given Balls faced and Minutes at crease.

25 Analysis of Top 3 wicket takers

Take any number of bowlers from either Test, ODI or T20

  1. Bowler1
  2. Bowler2
  3. Bowler3 …

26. Get the bowler’s data (Test)

This plot below computes the percentage frequency of number of wickets taken for e.g 1 wicket x%, 2 wickets y% etc and plots them as a continuous line

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#abowler1 =ca.getPlayerData(profileNo1,dir=".",file="abowler1.csv",type="bowling",homeOrAway=[1,2], result=[1,2,4])
#abowler2 =ca.getPlayerData(profileNo2,dir=".",file="abowler2.csv",type="bowling",homeOrAway=[1,2], result=[1,2,4])
#abowler3 =ca.getPlayerData(profile3,dir=".",file="abowler3.csv",type="bowling",homeOrAway=[1,2], result=[1,2,4])

26b For ODI bowlers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#abowler1 =ca.getPlayerDataOD(profileNo1,dir=".",file="abowler1.csv",type="bowling")
#abowler2 =ca.getPlayerDataOD(profileNo2,dir=".",file="abowler2.csv",type="bowling")
#abowler3 =ca.getPlayerDataOD(profile3,dir=".",file="abowler3.csv",type="bowling")

26c For T20 bowlers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#abowler1 =ca.getPlayerDataTT(profileNo1,dir=".",file="abowler1.csv",type="bowling")
#abowler2 =ca.getPlayerDataTT(profileNo2,dir=".",file="abowler2.csv",type="bowling")
#abowler3 =ca.getPlayerDataTT(profile3,dir=".",file="abowler3.csv",type="bowling")

27. Wicket Frequency Plot

This plot below plots the frequency of wickets taken for each of the bowlers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerWktsFreqPercent("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerWktsFreqPercent("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerWktsFreqPercent("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

28. Wickets Runs plot

The plot below create a box plot showing the 1st and 3rd quartile of runs conceded versus the number of wickets taken

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerWktsRunsPlot("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerWktsRunsPlot("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerWktsRunsPlot("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

29 Average wickets at different venues

The plot gives the average wickets taken bat different venues.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerAvgWktsGround("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerAvgWktsGround("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerAvgWktsGround("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

30 Average wickets against different opposition

The plot gives the average wickets taken against different countries.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerAvgWktsOpposition("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerAvgWktsOpposition("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerAvgWktsOpposition("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

31 Wickets taken moving average

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerMovingAverage("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerMovingAverage("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerMovingAverage("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

32 Cumulative average wickets taken

The plots below give the cumulative average wickets taken by the bowlers.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgWickets("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgWickets("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgWickets("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

33 Cumulative average economy rate

The plots below give the cumulative average economy rate of the bowlers.

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgEconRate("abowler1.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgEconRate("abowler2.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerCumulativeAvgEconRate("abowler3.csv","A Bowler3")

34 Future Wickets forecast

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.bowlerPerfForecast("abowler1.csv","A bowler1")

35 Get player data special

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#abowler1sp =ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile1,tdir=".",tfile="abowler1sp.csv",ttype="bowling")
#abowler2sp =ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile2,tdir=".",tfile="abowler2sp.csv",ttype="bowling")
#abowler3sp =ca.getPlayerDataSp(profile3,tdir=".",tfile="abowler3sp.csv",ttype="bowling")

36 Contribution to matches won and lost

Note:This can be done only for Test cricketers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerContributionWonLost("abowler1sp.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerContributionWonLost("abowler2sp.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerContributionWonLost("abowler3sp.csv","A Bowler3")

37 Performance home and overseas

Note:This can be done only for Test cricketers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

#ca.bowlerPerfHomeAway("abowler1sp.csv","A Bowler1")
#ca.bowlerPerfHomeAway("abowler2sp.csv","A Bowler2")
#ca.bowlerPerfHomeAway("abowler3sp.csv","A Bowler3")

38 Relative cumulative average economy rate of bowlers

import cricpy.analytics as ca

frames = ["abowler1.csv","abowler2.csv","abowler3.csv"]
names = ["A Bowler1","A Bowler2","A Bowler3"]
#ca.relativeBowlerCumulativeAvgEconRate(frames,names)

39 Relative Economy Rate against wickets taken

import cricpy.analytics as ca

frames = ["abowler1.csv","abowler2.csv","abowler3.csv"]
names = ["A Bowler1","A Bowler2","A Bowler3"]
#ca.relativeBowlingER(frames,names)

40 Relative cumulative average wickets of bowlers in career

import cricpy.analytics as ca
frames = ["abowler1.csv","abowler2.csv","abowler3.csv"]
names = ["A Bowler1","A Bowler2","A Bowler3"]
#ca.relativeBowlerCumulativeAvgWickets(frames,names)

B. Analyzing cricket teams in Test, ODI and T20s

The following functions will get the team data for Tests, ODI and T20s

1a. Get Test team data

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#country1Test= ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",teamView="bat",matchType="Test",file="country1Test.csv",save=True,teamName="Country1")
#country2Test= ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",teamView="bat",matchType="Test",file="country2Test.csv",save=True,teamName="Country2")
#country3Test= ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",teamView="bat",matchType="Test",file="country3Test.csv",save=True,teamName="Country3")

1b. Get ODI team data

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#team1ODI=  ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",matchType="ODI",file="team1ODI.csv",save=True,teamName="team1")
#team2ODI=  ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",matchType="ODI",file="team2ODI.csv",save=True,teamName="team2")
#team3ODI=  ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",matchType="ODI",file="team3ODI.csv",save=True,teamName="team3")

1c. Get T20 team data

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#team1T20 = ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="team1T20.csv",save=True,teamName="team1")
#team2T20 = ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="team2T20.csv",save=True,teamName="team2")
#team3T20 = ca.getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="team3T20.csv",save=True,teamName="team3")

2a. Test – Analyzing test performances against opposition

import cricpy.analytics as ca
# Get the performance of Indian test team against all teams at all venues as a dataframe
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="Test",plot=False)
#print(df.head())
# Plot the performance of Country1 Test team  against all teams at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="Test",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of Country1 Test team  against specific teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["Country2","Country3","Country4"],homeOrAway=["home","away","neutral"],matchType="Test",plot=True)

2b. Test – Analyzing test performances against opposition at different grounds

import cricpy.analytics as ca
# Get the performance of Indian test team against all teams at all venues as a dataframe
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="Test",plot=False)
#df.head()
# Plot the performance of Country1 Test team  against all teams at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="Test",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of Country1 Test team  against specific teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("country1Test.csv",teamName="Country1",opposition=["Country2","Country3","Country4"],homeOrAway=["home","away","neutral"],matchType="Test",plot=True)

2c. Test – Plot time lines of wins and losses

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("country1Test.csv",team="Country1",opposition=["all"], #startDate="1970-01-01",endDate="2017-01-01")
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("country1Test.csv",team="Country1",opposition=["Country2","Count#ry3","Country4"], homeOrAway=["home",away","neutral"], startDate=<start Date> #,endDate=<endDate>)

3a. ODI – Analyzing test performances against opposition

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="ODI",plot=False)
#print(df.head())
# Plot the performance of team1  in ODIs against Sri Lanka, India at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=[all"],matchType="ODI",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of Team1 ODI team  against specific teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["Team2","Team3","Team4"],homeOrAway="home","away","neutral"],matchType="ODI",plot=True)

3b. ODI – Analyzing test performances against opposition at different venues

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="ODI",plot=False)
#print(df.head())
# Plot the performance of Team1s in ODIs specific ODI teams at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=[all"],matchType="ODI",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of Team1 against specific ODI teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("team1ODI.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["Team2","Team3","Team4"],homeOrAway=["home","away","neutral"],matchType="ODI",plot=True)

3c. ODI – Plot time lines of wins and losses

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#Plot the time line of wins/losses of Bangladesh ODI team between 2 dates all venues
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("team1ODI.csv",team="Team1",startDate=<start date> ,endDa#te=<end date>,matchType="ODI")
#Plot the time line of wins/losses against specific opposition between 2 dates
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("team1ODI.csv",team="Team1",opposition=["Team2","Team2"], homeOrAway=["home",away","neutral"], startDate=<start date>,endDate=<end date> ,matchType="ODI")

4a. T20 – Analyzing test performances against opposition

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="T20",plot=False)
#print(df.head())
# Plot the performance of Team1 in T20s  against  all opposition at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=[all"],matchType="T20",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of T20 Test team  against specific teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["Team2","Team3","Team4"],homeOrAway=["home","away","neutral"],matchType="T20",plot=True)

4b. T20 – Analyzing test performances against opposition at different venues

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#df = ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="T20",plot=False)
#df.head()
# Plot the performance of Team1s in ODIs specific ODI teams at all venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["all"],homeOrAway=["all"],matchType="T20",plot=True)
# Plot the performance of Team1 against specific ODI teams at home/away venues
#ca.teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("teamT20.csv",teamName="Team1",opposition=["Team2","Team3","Team4"],homeOrAway=["home","away","neutral"],matchType="T20",plot=True)

4c. T20 – Plot time lines of wins and losses

import cricpy.analytics as ca
#Plot the time line of wins/losses of Bangladesh ODI team between 2 dates all venues
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("teamT20.csv",team="Team1",startDate=<start date> ,endDa#te=<end date>,matchType="T20")
#Plot the time line of wins/losses against specific opposition between 2 dates
#ca.plotTimelineofWinsLosses("teamT20.csv",team="Team1",opposition=c("Team2","Team2"), homeOrAway=c("home",away","neutral"), startDate=<start date>,endDate=<end date> ,matchType="T20")

Conclusion

Key Findings

Analysis of batsman

Analysis of bowlers

Analysis of teams

Have fun with cripy!!!

Cricketr adds team analytics to its repertoire!!!

And she’s got brains enough for two, which is the exact quantity the girl who marries you will need.

“I’m not absolutely certain of the facts, but I rather fancy it’s Shakespeare who says that it’s always just when a fellow is feeling particularly braced with things in general that Fate sneaks up behind him with the bit of lead piping.”

“A melancholy-looking man, he had the appearance of one who has searched for the leak in life’s gas-pipe with a lighted candle.”

“It isn’t often that Aunt Dahlia lets her angry passions rise, but when she does, strong men climb trees and pull them up after them.”

“Some minds are like soup in a poor restaurant – better left unstirred.”

                                      P.G. Wodehouse

Introduction

My R package cricketr had its genesis about 4 years ago, sometime around June 2015. There were some minor updates afterwards and the package performed analytics on cricketers (Test, ODI and T20) based on data from ESPN Cricinfo see Re-introducing cricketr! : An R package to analyze performances of cricketers. Now, in the latest release of cricketr, I have included 8 functions which can perform Team analytics. Team analysis can be done for Test, ODI and T20 teams.

This package uses the statistics info available in ESPN Cricinfo Statsguru. The current version of this package can handle all formats of the game including Test, ODI and Twenty20 cricket for players (batsmen & bowlers) and also teams (Test, ODI and T20)

You should be able to install the package directly from CRAN. Please be mindful of ESPN Cricinfo Terms of Use

A total of 8 new functions which deal with team analytics has been included in the latest release.

There are 5 functions which are used internally 1) getTeamData b) getTeamNumber c) getMatchType d) getTeamDataHomeAway e) cleanTeamData

and the external functions which are
a) teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition
b) teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds
c) plotTimelineofWinsLosses

All the above functions are common to Test, ODI and T20 teams

The data for a particular Team can be obtained with the getTeamDataHomeAway() function from the package. This will return a dataframe of the team’s win/loss status at home and away venues over a period of time. This can be saved as a CSV file. Once this is done, you can use this CSV file for all subsequent analysis

As before you can get the help for any of the cricketr functions as below

#help(teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition)
Compute the wins/losses/draw/tied etc for a Team in Test, ODI or T20 against opposition
Description
This function computes the won,lost,draw,tied or no result for a team against other teams in home/away or neutral venues and either returns a dataframe or plots it against opposition
Usage
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition(file,teamName,opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),
      matchType="Test",plot=FALSE)
Arguments
file	
The CSV file for which the plot is required
teamName	
The name of the team for which plot is required
opposition	
Opposition is a vector namely c("all") or c("Australia", "India", "England")
homeOrAway	
This parameter is a vector which is either c("all") or a vector of venues c("home","away","neutral")
matchType	
Match type - Test, ODI or T20
plot	
If plot=FALSE then a data frame is returned, If plot=TRUE then a plot is generated
Value
None
Note
Maintainer: Tinniam V Ganesh tvganesh.85@gmail.com
Author(s)
Tinniam V Ganesh
References

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/stats/index.html
https://gigadom.in/
See Also
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds plotTimelineofWinsLosses
Examples
## Not run: 
#Get the team data for India for Tests
df <- getTeamDataHomeAway(teamName="India",file="indiaOD.csv",matchType="ODI")
teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("india.csv",teamName="India",opposition=c("Australia","England","India"),
                          homeOrAway=c("home","away"),plot=TRUE)
## End(Not run)

This post has been published at RPubs and is available at TeamAnalyticsWithCricketr

You can download PDF version of this post at TeamAnalyticsWithCricketr

1. Get team data

1a. Test

The teams in Test cricket are included below

  1. Afghanistan 2.Bangladesh 3. England 4. World 5. India 6. Ireland 7. New Zealand 8. Pakistan 9. South Africa 10.Sri Lanka 11. West Indies 12.Zimbabwe

You can use this for the teamName paramater. This will return a dataframe and also save the file as a CSV , if save=TRUE

Note: – Since I have already got the data as CSV files I am not executing the lines below

# Get the data for the teams. Save as CSV
#indiaTest <-getTeamDataHomeAway(dir=".",teamView="bat",matchType="Test",file="indiaTest.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="India")
#australiaTest <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="Test",file="australiaTest.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Australia")
#pakistanTest <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="Test",file="pakistanTest.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Pakistan")
#newzealandTest <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="Test",file="newzealandTest.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="New Zealand")

1b. ODI

The ODI teams in the world are below. The data for these teams can be got by names as shown below

  1. Afghanistan 2. Africa XI 3. Asia XI 4.Australia 5.Bangladesh
  2. Bermuda 7. England 8. ICC World X1 9. India 11.Ireland 12. New Zealand
  3. Pakistan 14. South Africa 15. Sri Lanka 17. West Indies 18. Zimbabwe
  4. Canada 21. East Africa 22. Hong Kong 23.Ireland 24. Kenya 25. Namibia
  5. Nepal 27.Netherlands 28. Oman 29.Papua New Guinea 30. Scotland
  6. United Arab Emirates 32. United States of America
#indiaODI <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="ODI",file="indiaODI.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="India")
#englandODI <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="ODI",file="englandODI.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="England")
#westindiesODI <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="ODI",file="westindiesODI.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="West Indies")
#irelandODI <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="ODI",file="irelandODI.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Ireland")

1c T20

The T20 teams in the world are
1.Afghanistan 2. Australia 3. Bahrain 4. Bangladesh 5. Belgium 6. Belize
2.Bermuda 8.Botswana 9. Canada 11. Costa Rica 12. Germany 13. Ghana
14.Guernsey 15. Hong Kong 16. ICC World X1 17.India 18. Ireland 19.Italy
20.Jersey 21. Kenya 22.Kuwait 23.Maldives 24.Malta 25.Mexico 26.Namibia
27.Nepal 28.Netherlands 29. New Zealand 30.Nigeria 31.Oman 32. Pakistan
33.Panama 34.Papua New Guinea 35. Philippines 36.Qatar 37.Saudi Arabia
38.Scotland 39.South Africa 40.Spain 41.Sri Lanka 42.Uganda
43.United Arab Emirates United States of America 44.Vanuatu 45.West Indies

#southafricaT20 <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="southafricaT20.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="South Africa")
#srilankaT20 <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="srilankaT20.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Sri Lanka")
#canadaT20 <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="canadaT20.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Canada")
#afghanistanT20 <- getTeamDataHomeAway(matchType="T20",file="afghanistanT20.csv",save=TRUE,teamName="Afghanistan")

2 Analysis of Test matches

The functions below perform analysis of Test teams

2a. Wins vs Loss against opposition

This function performs analysis of Test teams against other teams at home/away or neutral venue. Note:- The opposition can be a vector of opposition teams. Similarly homeOrAway can also be a vector of home/away/neutral venues.

# Get the performance of Indian test team against all teams at all venues as a dataframe
df <- teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("india.csv",teamName="India",opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="Test",plot=FALSE)
head(df)
## # A tibble: 6 x 4
## # Groups:   Opposition, Result [4]
##   Opposition  Result ha    count
##   <chr>       <chr>  <chr> <int>
## 1 Afghanistan won    home      1
## 2 Australia   draw   away     20
## 3 Australia   draw   home     23
## 4 Australia   lost   away     58
## 5 Australia   lost   home     26
## 6 Australia   tied   home      2
# Plot the performance of Indian Test team  against all teams at all venues
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("indiaTest.csv",teamName="India",opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="Test",plot=TRUE)

# Get the performance of Australia against India, England and New Zealand at all venues in Tests
df <-teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("australiaTest.csv",teamName="Australia",opposition=c("India","England","New Zealand"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="Test",plot=FALSE)

#Plot the performance of Australia against England, India and New Zealand only at home (Australia) 
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("australiaTest.csv",teamName="Australia",opposition=c("India","England","New Zealand"),homeOrAway=c("home"),matchType="Test",plot=TRUE)

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Untitled

 

2b Wins vs losses of Test teams against opposition at different venues

# Get the  performance of Pakistan against India, West Indies, South Africa at all venues in Tests and show performances at the venues
df <- teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("pakistanTest.csv",teamName="Pakistan",opposition=c("India","West Indies","South Africa"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="Test",plot=FALSE)
head(df)
## # A tibble: 6 x 4
## # Groups:   Ground, Result [6]
##   Ground     Result ha      count
##   <chr>      <chr>  <chr>   <int>
## 1 Abu Dhabi  draw   neutral     2
## 2 Abu Dhabi  won    neutral     4
## 3 Ahmedabad  draw   away        2
## 4 Bahawalpur draw   home        1
## 5 Basseterre won    away        2
## 6 Bengaluru  draw   away        5
# Plot the performance of New Zealand Test team against England, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh at all grounds playes 
teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("newzealandTest.csv",teamName="New Zealand",opposition=c("England","Sri Lanka","Bangladesh"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="Test",plot=TRUE)

2c. Plot the time line of wins vs losses of Test teams against opposition at different venues during an interval

# Plot the time line of wins/losses of India against Australia, West Indies, South Africa in away/neutral venues
#from 2000-01-01 to 2017-01-01
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("indiaTest.csv",team="India",opposition=c("Australia","West Indies","South Africa"),
                         homeOrAway=c("away","neutral"), startDate="2000-01-01",endDate="2017-01-01")

#Plot the time line of wins/losses of Indian Test team from 1970 onwards
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("indiaTest.csv",team="India",startDate="1970-01-01",endDate="2017-01-01")

3 ODI

The functions below perform analysis of ODI teams listed above

3a. Wins vs Loss against opposition ODI teams

This function performs analysis of ODI teams against other teams at home/away or neutral venue. Note:- The opposition can be a vector of opposition teams. Similarly homeOrAway can also be a vector of home/away/neutral venues.

# Get the performance of West Indies in ODIs against all other ODI teams at all venues and retirn as a dataframe
df <- teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("westindiesODI.csv",teamName="West Indies",opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="ODI",plot=FALSE)
head(df)
## # A tibble: 6 x 4
## # Groups:   Opposition, Result [3]
##   Opposition  Result ha      count
##   <chr>       <chr>  <chr>   <int>
## 1 Afghanistan lost   home        1
## 2 Afghanistan lost   neutral     2
## 3 Afghanistan won    home        1
## 4 Australia   lost   away       41
## 5 Australia   lost   home       25
## 6 Australia   lost   neutral     8
# Plot the performance of West Indies in ODIs against Sri Lanka, India at all venues
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("westindiesODI.csv",teamName="West Indies",opposition=c("Sri Lanka", "India"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="ODI",plot=TRUE)

 

#Plot the performance of Ireland in ODIs against Zimbabwe, Kenya, bermuda, UAE, Oman and Scotland at all venues
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("irelandODI.csv",teamName="Ireland",opposition=c("Zimbabwe","Kenya","Bermuda","U.A.E.","Oman","Scotland"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="ODI",plot=TRUE)

3b Wins vs losses of ODI teams against opposition at different venues

# Plot the performance of England ODI team against Bangladesh, West Indies and Australia at all venues
teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("englandODI.csv",teamName="England",opposition=c("Bangladesh","West Indies","Australia"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="ODI",plot=TRUE)

#Plot the performance of India against South Africa, West Indies and Australia at 'home' venues
teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("indiaODI.csv",teamName="India",opposition=c("South Africa","West Indies","Australia"),homeOrAway=c("home"),matchType="ODI",plot=TRUE)

3c. Plot the time line of wins vs losses of ODI teams against opposition at different venues during an interval

#Plot the time line of wins/losses of Bangladesh ODI team between 2015 and 2019 against all other teams and at
# all venues
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("bangladeshOD.csv",team="Bangladesh",startDate="2015-01-01",endDate="2019-01-01",matchType="ODI")

#Plot the time line of wins/losses of India ODI against Sri Lanka, Bangladesh from 2016 to 2019
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("indiaODI.csv",team="India",opposition=c("Sri Lanka","Bangladesh"),startDate="2016-01-01",endDate="2019-01-01",matchType="ODI")

4 Twenty 20

The functions below perform analysis of Twenty 20 teams listed above

4a. Wins vs Loss against opposition ODI teams

This function performs analysis of T20 teams against other T20 teams at home/away or neutral venue. Note:- The opposition can be a vector of opposition teams. Similarly homeOrAway can also be a vector of home/away/neutral venues.

# Get the performance of South Africa T20 team against England, India and Sri Lanka at home grounds at England
df <- teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("southafricaT20.csv",teamName="South Africa",opposition=c("England","India","Sri Lanka"),homeOrAway=c("home"),matchType="T20",plot=FALSE)

#Plot the performance of South Africa T20 against England, India and Sri Lanka at all venues
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("southafricaT20.csv",teamName="South Africa",opposition=c("England","India","Sri Lanka"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="T20",plot=TRUE)

#Plot the performance of Afghanistan T20 teams against all oppositions
teamWinLossStatusVsOpposition("afghanistanT20.csv",teamName="Afghanistan",opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="T20",plot=TRUE)

 

 

4b Wins vs losses of T20 teams against opposition at different venues

# Compute the performance of Canada against all opposition at all venues and show by grounds. Return as dataframe
df <-teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("canadaT20.csv",teamName="Canada",opposition=c("all"),homeOrAway=c("all"),matchType="T20",plot=FALSE)
head(df)
## # A tibble: 6 x 4
## # Groups:   Ground, Result [6]
##   Ground        Result ha      count
##   <chr>         <chr>  <chr>   <int>
## 1 Abu Dhabi     lost   neutral     1
## 2 Belfast       lost   neutral     1
## 3 Belfast       won    neutral     2
## 4 Colombo (SSC) lost   neutral     1
## 5 Colombo (SSC) won    neutral     1
## 6 Dubai (DSC)   lost   neutral     5
# Plot the performance of Sri Lanka T20 team against India and Bangladesh in different venues at home/away and neutral
teamWinLossStatusAtGrounds("srilankaT20.csv",teamName="Sri Lanka",opposition=c("India", "Bangladesh"), homeOrAway=c("all"), matchType="T20", plot=TRUE)

4c. Plot the time line of wins vs losses of T20 teams against opposition at different venues during an interval

#Plot the time line of Sri Lanka T20 team agaibst all opposition
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("srilankaT20.csv",team="Sri Lanka",opposition=c("Australia", "Pakistan"), startDate="2013-01-01", endDate="2019-01-01",  matchType="T20")

# Plot the time line of South Africa T20 between 2010 and 2015 against West Indies and Pakistan
plotTimelineofWinsLosses("southafricaT20.csv",team="South Africa",opposition=c("West Indies", "Pakistan"), startDate="2010-01-01", endDate="2015-01-01",  matchType="T20")