IPL 2022: Near real-time analytics with GooglyPlusPlus!!!

It is that time of the year when there is “a song in the air, the lark’s on the wing, and the snail’s on the the thorn“. Yes, it is the that time of year when the grand gala event of IPL 2022 is underway. So, I managed to wake myself from my Covid-induced slumber, worked up my ‘creaking bones‘ and cranked up the GooglyPlusPlus machinery.

So now, every morning, a scheduled CRON tab entry will automatically download the previous night’s match data from Cricsheet, unzip, process and transform it into the necessary format required by my R package yorkr, and make it available to my Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus. Hence the data is current and you have access to ‘analytics-in-the-now’!.

As you know in 2021, I added a lot of new features to GooglyPlusPlus, new tabs to do even more. analytics – or in other words there is “more GooglyPlusPlus per click!!”. So now, you have the following

  • Batsman tab: For detailed analysis of batsmen
  • Bowler tab: For detailed analysis of bowlers
  • Match tab: Analysis of individual matches, plot of Runs vs SR, Wickets vs ER in power play, middle and death overs
  • Head-to-head tab: Detailed analysis of team-vs-team batting/bowling scorecard, batting, bowling performances, performances in power play, middle and death overs
  • Team performance tab: Analysis of team-vs-all other teams with batting /bowling scorecard, batting, bowling performances, performances in power play, middle and death overs
  • Optimisation tab: Allows one to pit batsmen vs bowlers and vice-versa. This tab also uses integer programming to optimise batting and bowling lineup
  • Batting analysis tab: Ranks batsmen using Runs or SR. Also plots performances of batsmen in power play, middle and death overs and plots them in a 4×4 grid
  • Bowling analysis tab: Ranks bowlers based on Wickets or ER. Also plots performances of bowlers in power play, middle and death overs and plots them in a 4×4 grid

Also note all these tabs and features are available for all T20 formats namely IPL, Intl. T20 (men, women), BBL, NTB, PSL, CPL, SSM.

Note: All charts are interactive, which means that you can hover, zoom-in, zoom-out, pan etc on the charts

The latest avatar of GooglyPlusPlus2022 is based on my R package yorkr with data from Cricsheet.

Go ahead, give GooglyPlusPlus a try!!!

To know all the new features and how to use them, check out these posts

  1. Ranking of batsmen, bowlers – GooglyPlusPlus2021 interactively ranks T20 batsmen and bowlers!!!
  2. Interactive charts – GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!!!
  3. Detailed batsmen/bowler analytics – GooglyPlusPlus2021 enhanced with drill-down batsman, bowler analytics
  4. Addition of Date Range picker to charts – GooglyPlusPlus2021 adds new bells and whistles!!
  5. Analysis of power play, middle and death overs across players, teams – GooglyPlusPlus2021 now with power play, middle and death over analysis
  6. Analysis based on 4 x 4 grid of players – GooglyPlusPlus2021: Towards more picturesque analytics!
  7. Optimisation of batsmen/bowlers – GooglyPlusPlus2022 optimizes batting/bowling lineup

Here are some random analysis that can be done by GooglyPlusPlus across the tabs. Note the app will be updated daily and the analytics will be current throughout the season of IPL 2022

A) Match tab

a) GT vs DC – 2 Apr 2022

Runs vs SR – Gujarat Titans

b) CSK vs LSG – 31 Mar 2022

Runs across 20 overs

c) KKR vs PBKS -Match wicket worm chart – 1 Apr 2022

B) Batsmen tab

a) Faf Du Plessis – Runs vs Deliveries

b) Sanju Samson – Runs against opposition

C) Bowler’s tab

a) D J Bravo – No of deliveries to wicket

b) Trent Boult – Wickets at Venues

D) Head-to-head tab

a) DC vs MI – Mar -2019 till date : Batting scorecard

b) CSK vs KKR – Jan 2019 till date : Runs vs SR

E) Team vs All Teams tab

a) Punjab Kings vs all Teams – Wickets vs ER in Power play

b) Rajasthan Royals vs all Teams : Jan 2019 till date : Runs vs SR in Power play

F) Optimisation tab

a) Batsmen vs Bowlers

b) Bowlers vs batsmen

G) Batting analysis

This tab is for ranking batsmen

a) Batsmen rank from 2019 till date (Runs over SR)

b) Overall Runs vs SR (Jan 2020 till date)

Best batsmen in top right quadrant

zooming in on the above (right-most)

H) Bowling analysis tab

a) Best middle over bowlers in IPL (2019 onwards)

The bottom right quadrant are the best bowlers

b) Best bowlers in death overs (bottom-right)

Check out GooglyPlusPlus!!!

Also see

  1. Deconstructing Convolutional Neural Networks with Tensorflow and Keras
  2. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 5
  3. Big Data-4: Webserver log analysis with RDDs, Pyspark, SparkR and SparklyR
  4. Latency, throughput implications for the Cloud
  5. Introducing QCSimulator: A 5-qubit quantum computing simulator in R
  6. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 3
  7. Natural language processing: What would Shakespeare say?
  8. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers

To see all posts click Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021: Towards more picturesque analytics!

Analytics for e.g. sports analytics, business analytics or analytics in e-commerce or in other domain has 2 main requirements namely a) What kind of analytics (set of parameters,function) will squeeze out the most intelligence from the data b) How to represent the analytics so that an expert can garner maximum insight?

While it may appear that the former is more important, the latter is also equally, if not, more vital to the problem. Indeed, a picture is worth a thousand words, and often times is more insightful than a large table of numbers. However, in the case of sports analytics, for e.g. in cricket a batting or bowling scorecard captures more information and can never be represented in chart.

So, my Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus includes both charts and tables for different aspects of the analysis. In this post, a newer type of chart, popular among senior management experts, namely the 4 quadrant graph is introduced, which helps in categorising batsmen and bowlers into 4 categories as shown below

a) Batting Performances – Top right quadrant (High runs, High Strike rate)

b) Bowling Performances – Bottom right quadrant( High wickets, Low Economy Rate)

I have added the following 32 functions in this latest version of GooglyPlusPlus

A. Match Tab

All the functions below are at match level

  1. Team Runs vs SR Plot
  2. Team Wickets vs ER Plot
  3. Team Runs vs SR Power play plot
  4. Team Runs vs SR Middle overs plot
  5. Team Runs vs SR Death overs plot
  6. Team Wickets vs ER Power Play
  7. Team Wickets vs ER Middle overs
  8. Team Wickets vs ER Death overs

B. Head-to-head Tab

The below functions are based on all matches between 2 teams’

  1. Team Runs vs SR Plot all Matches
  2. Team Wickets vs ER Plot all Matches
  3. Team Runs vs SR Power play plot all Matches
  4. Team Runs vs SR Middle overs plot all Matches
  5. Team Runs vs SR Death overs plot all Matches
  6. Team Wickets vs ER Power Play plot all Matches
  7. Team Wickets vs ER Middle overs plot all Matches
  8. Team Wickets vs ER Death overs plot all Matches

C. Team Performance tab

The below functions are based on a team’s performance against all other teams

  1. Team Runs vs SR Plot overall
  2. Team Wickets vs ER Plot overall
  3. Team Runs vs SR Power play plot overall
  4. Team Runs vs SR Middle overs plot overall
  5. Team Runs vs SR Death overs plot overall
  6. Team Wickets vs ER Power Play overall
  7. Team Wickets vs ER Middle overs overall
  8. Team Wickets vs ER Death overs overall

D. T20 format Batting Analysis

This analysis is at T20 format level (IPL, Intl. T20(men), Intl. T20 (women), PSL, CPL etc.)

  1. Overall Runs vs SR plot
  2. Overall Runs vs SR Power play plot
  3. Overall Runs vs SR Middle overs plot
  4. Overall Runs vs SR Death overs plot

E. T20 Bowling Analysis

This analysis is at T20 format level (IPL, Intl. T20(men), Intl. T20 (women), PSL, CPL etc.)

  1. Overall Wickets vs ER plot
  2. Team Wickets vs ER Power Play
  3. Team Wickets vs ER Middle overs
  4. Team Wickets vs ER Death overs

These 32 functions have been added to my yorkr package and so all these functions become plug-n-play in my Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus2021 which means that the 32 functions apply across all the nine T20 formats that the app supports i.e. IPL, Intl. T20 (men), Intl. T20 (women), BBL, NTB, PSL, CPL, SSM, WBB.

Hence the multiplicative factor of the new addition is 32 x 9 = 288 additional ways of exploring match, team and player data

The data for GooglyPlusPlus is taken from Cricsheet. My shiny app GooglyPlusPlus2021 is based on my R package yorkr.

You can clone/fork GooglyPlusPlus from Github at gpp2021-10

Check out my app GooglyPlusPlus2021 and analyze batsmen, bowlers, teams, overall performance. The data for all the nine T20 formats have been updated to include the latest data.

Hence, the app is just in time for the IPL mega auction. You should be able to analyse players in IPL, Intl. T20 or in any of the other formats from where they could be drawn and check out their relative standings

I am including some random plots to demonstrate the newly minted functions

Note 1: All plots are interactive. The controls are on the top right. You can hover over data, zoom-in, zoom-out, compare data etc by choosing the appropriate control. To know more about how to use the interactive charts see GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!!!

You can also check my short video on how to navigate interactive charts

Note 2: To know about Powerplay, Middle overs and Death over analysis see my post GooglyPlusPlus2021 now with power play, middle and death over analysis

Note 3: All tabs(except Match tab) now include Date range pickers to focus on the period of interest. See my post GooglyPlusPlus2021 enhanced with drill-down batsman, bowler analytics

I) Match tab

New Zealand vs Australia (2021-11-14)

New Zealand batting, except K Williamson, the rest did not fire as much

For Australia, Warner, Maxwell and Marsh played good knocks to wrest control

II) Head-to-head

a) Wickets vs ER during Power play of Mumbai Indians in all matches against Chennai Super Kings (IPL)

b) Karachi Kings Runs vs SR during middle overs against Multan Sultans (PSL)

c) Wickets vs ER during death overs of Barbados Tridents in all matches against Jamaica Tallawahs (CPL)

III) Teams overall batting performance

India’s best T20 performers in Power play since 2018 (Intl. T20)

e) Australia’s best performers in Death overs since Mar 2017 (Intl. T20)

f) India’s Intl. T20 (women) best Runs vs SR since 2018

g) England’s Intl. T20 (women) best bowlers in Death overs

IV) Overall Batting Performance across T20

This tab gives the batsmen’s rank and overall batting performance across the T20 format.

a) Why was Hardik Pandya chosen, and why this was in error?

Of course, it provides an insight into why Hardik Pandya was chosen in India’s World cup team despite poor performances recently. Here are the best Intl. T20 death over batsmen

Of course, we can zoom in to get a better look

This is further substantiated when we performances in IPL

However, if you move the needle forward a year at a time, you see Hardik Pandya’s performance drops significantly

and further down

Rather, Dinesh Karthik, Sanju Samson or Ruturaj Gaikwad would have been better options

b) Best batsmen Intl. T20 (women) in Power play since 2018

V) Overall bowling performance

This tab gives the bowler’s rank and overall bowling performance in Power play, middle and death overs across all T20 formats

a) Intl. T20 (men) best bowlers in Power Play from 2019 (zoomed in)

b) Intl. T20(men) best bowlers in Death overs since 2019

c) Was B. Kumar a good choice for India team in World cup?

Bhuvi was one of India’s best bowler in Power play only if we go back to the beginning of time

i) From 2008

But if we move forward to 2020 onwards we see Arshdeep Singh or D Chahar would have been a better choice

ii) From 2020 onwards

iii) 2021 onwards

Hence D Chahar & Arshdeep Singh are the natural choice moving forwards for India

iv) T20 Best batsman

If we look at Intl. T20 performances since 2017, Babar Azam leads the pack, however his Strike rate needs to move up.

v) T20 best bowlers

As mentioned above go ahead and give GooglyPlusPlus2021 a spin!!!

You can download/fork the code for the Shiny app from Github at gpp2021-10

Also see

  1. Introducing QCSimulator: A 5-qubit quantum computing simulator in R
  2. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 6
  3. Deconstructing Convolutional Neural Networks with Tensorflow and Keras
  4. Big Data 6: The T20 Dance of Apache NiFi and yorkpy
  5. What’s up Watson? Using IBM Watson’s QAAPI with Bluemix, NodeExpress – Part 1
  6. Sea shells on the seashore
  7. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 4
  8. Benford’s law meets IPL, Intl. T20 and ODI cricket
  9. Video presentation on Machine Learning, Data Science, NLP and Big Data – Part 1
  10. How to program – Some essential tips

To see all posts click Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021 now with power play, middle and death over analysis

This latest edition of GooglyPlusPlus2021 now includes detailed analysis of teams, batsmen and bowlers in power play, middle and death overs. The T20 format is based on 3 phases as each side faces 20 overs.

Power play: Overs: 0 – 6 – No more than 2 players can be outside the 30 yard circle

Middle overs: Overs: 7- 16 – During these overs the batting side tries to consolidate their innings

Death overs: Overs: 16 -20 – During these 5 overs the batting side tries to accelerate the scoring rate, while the bowling side will try to restrict the batsmen against going for big hits

This is shown below

This latest update of GooglyPlusPlus2021 includes the following functions

a) Match tab

  1. teamRunsAcrossOvers
  2. teamSRAcrossOvers
  3. teamWicketsAcrossOvers
  4. teamERAcrossOvers
  5. matchWormWickets

b) Head-to-head tab

  1. teamRunsAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  2. teamSRAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  3. teamWicketsAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  4. teamERAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  5. topRunsBatsmenAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  6. topSRBatsmenAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  7. topWicketsBowlersAcrossOversOppnAllMatches
  8. topERBowlerAcrossOverOppnAllMatches

c) Overall performance tab

  1. teamRunsAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  2. teamSRAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  3. teamWicketsAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  4. teamERAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  5. topRunsBatsmenAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  6. topSRBatsmenAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  7. topWicketsBowlersAcrossOversAllOppnAllMatches
  8. topERBowlerAcrossOverAllOppnAllMatches

Hence a total of 8 + 8 + 5 = 21 functions have been added. These functions can be utilized across all the 9 T20 formats that are supported in GooglyPlusPlus2021 namely

i) IPL ii) Intl. T20 (men) iii) Intl. T20 (women) iv) BBL v) NTB vi) PSL vii) CPL viii) SSM ix) WBB

Hence there are a total of 21 x 9 = 189 new possibilities to explore in GooglyPlusPlus2021

GooglyPlusPlus2021 is based on my R package yorkr and is based on data from Cricsheet. To know how to use GooglyPlusPlus see any of earlier posts GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!!!, GooglyPlusPlus2021 adds new bells and whistles!!, GooglyPlusPlus2021 enhanced with drill-down batsman, bowler analytics

Take GooglyPlusPlus for a spin here GooglyPlusPlus2021-9

You can clone/fork the code for the Shiny app from Github – gpp2021-9

Included below is a random selection of options from the 189 possibilities mentioned above. Feel free to try out for yourself

A) IPL – CSK vs KKR 2018-04-10

a) Team Runs in power play, middle and death overs

b) Team Strike rate in power play, middle and death overs

B) Intl. T20 (men) – India vs Afghanistan (2021-11-03)

a) Team wickets in power play, middle and death overs

b) Team Economy rate in power play, middle and death overs

C) Intl. T20 (women) Head-to-head : India vs Australia since 2018

a) Team Runs in all matches in power play, middle and death overs

D) PSL Head-to-head strike rate since 2019

a) Team vs team Strike rate : Karachi Kings vs Lahore Qalanders since 2019 in power play, middle and death overs

E) Team overall performance in all matches against all opposition

a) BBL : Brisbane Heats : Team Wickets between 2015 – 2018 in power play, middle and death overs

F) Top Runs and Strike rate Batsman of Mumbai Indians vs Royal Challengers Bangalore since 2018

a) Top runs scorers for Mumbai Indians (MI) in power play, middle and death overs

b) Top strike rate for RCB in power play, middle and death overs

F) Intl. T20 (women) India vs England since 2018

a) Top wicket takers for England in power play, middle and death overs since 2018

b) Top wicket takers for India in power play, middle and death overs since 2018

G) Intl. T20 (men) All time best batsmen and bowlers for India

a) Most runs in power play, middle and death overs

b) Highest strike rate in power play, middle and death overs

H) Match worm wicket chart

In addition to the usual Match worm chart, I have also added a Match Wicket worm chart in the latest version

Note: You can zoom to the area where you would like to focus more

The option of looking at the Match worm chart (without wickets) also exists.

Go ahead take GooglyPlusPlus2021 for a test drive and check out how your favourite players perform in power play, middle and death overs. Click GooglyPlusPlus2021-9

You can fork/download the app code from Github at gpp2021-9

Hope you have fun with GooglyPlusPlus

You may also like

  1. Using Linear Programming (LP) for optimizing bowling change or batting lineup in T20 cricket
  2. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 6
  3. Big Data 6: The T20 Dance of Apache NiFi and yorkpy
  4. Understanding Neural Style Transfer with Tensorflow and Keras
  5. Using Reinforcement Learning to solve Gridworld
  6. Exploring Quantum Gate operations with QCSimulator
  7. Experiments with deblurring using OpenCV
  8. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 5
  9. Re-introducing cricketr! : An R package to analyze performances of cricketers
  10. Natural language processing: What would Shakespeare say?

To see all posts click Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021 enhanced with drill-down batsman, bowler analytics

This latest update to GooglyPlusPlus2021 includes the following changes

a) All the functions in the ‘Batsman’ and ‘Bowler ‘tabs now include a date range, which allows you specify a period of interest.

b) The ‘Rank Batsman’ and ‘Rank Bowler’ tabs also include a date range selector, against the earlier version which had a ‘Since year’ slider see GooglyPlusPlus2021 bubbles up top T20 players in all formats!. The earlier ‘Since year’ slider option could only rank for the latest year or for all years up to the current year. Now with the new ‘date range’ picker we can check the batsman and bowler ranks in any IPL season or (any T20 format) or for a range of years.

c) Note: The Head-to-head and Overall performance tabs already include a date range selector.

There are 10 batsman functions and 9 bowler function that have changed for the following T20 and ODI formats and Rank batsman and bowler includes the ‘date range’ and has changed for all T20 formats.

GooglyPlusPlus2021 supports all the following T20 formats

i) IPL ii) Intl T20(men) iii) Intl T20(women) iv) BBL v) NTB vi) PSL vii) WBB viii) CPL ix) SSM T20 formats – ( 9 T20 panels)

i) ODI (men) ii) ODI (women) – 2 ODI panels

i.e. the changes impact (10 + 9) x 11 + (1 + 1 ) x 9 = 227 tabs which have been changed

The addition of date range enables a fine-grained analysis of players as the players progress through the years.

Note: All charts are interactive. To see how to use interactive charts of GooglyPlusPlus2021 see

GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!!!

GooglyPlusPlus2021 is based on my R package yorkr. The data is take from Cricsheet

You can clone/fork this latest version of GooglyPlusPlus2021 from Github at gpp2021-7

Check out the Shiny app here GooglyPlusPlus2021!!!

I have included some random screen shots of some of using these tabs and options in GooglyPlusPlus2021.

A) KL Rahul’s Cumulative average in IPL 2021 vs IPL 2020

a) KL Rahul in IPL 2021

b) KL Rahul in IPL 2020

B) Performance of Babar Azam in Intl. T20 (men)

a) Babar Azam’s cumulative average from 2019

b) Babar Azam’s Runs against opposition since 2019

Note: Intl. T20 (women) data available upto Mar 2020 from Cricsheet

a) A J Healy performance between 2010 – 2015

b) A J Healy performance between 2015 – 2020

D) M S Dhoni’s performance with the bat pre-2020 and post 2020

There has been a significant decline in Dhoni’s performance in the last couple of years

I) Dhoni’s performance from Jan 2010 to Dec 2019

a) Moving average at 25+ (Dhoni before)

The moving average actually moves up…

b) Cumulative average at 25+ (Dhoni before)

c) Cumulative Strike rate 140+ (Dhoni before)

d) Dhoni’s moving average is ~10-12 (post 2020)

e) Dhoni’s cumulative average (post 2020)

f) Dhoni’s strike rate ~80 (post 2020)

E) Bumrah’s performance in IPL

a) Bumrah’s performance in IPL 2020

b) Bumrah’s performance in IPL 2021

F) Moving average wickets for A. Shrubsole in ODI (women)

G) Chris Jordan’s cumulative economy rate

We can see that Jordan has become more expensive over the years

G) Ranking players

In this latest version the ‘Since year slider’ has been replaced with a Date Range selector. With this we can identify the player ranks in any IPL, CPL, PSL or BBL season. We can also check the performance over the last couple of years. Note: The matches played and Runs over Strike rate or Strike rate over runs can be computed. Similarly for bowlers we have Wickets over Economy rate and Economy rate over wickets options.

a) Ranking IPL batsman in IPL season 2020

b) Ranking Intl. T20 (batsmen) from Jan 2019 to Jul 2021

c) Ranking Intl. T20 bowlers (women) from Jan 2019 – Jul 2021

d) Best IPL bowlers over the last 3 seasons (Wickets over Economy rate)

e) Best IPL bowlers over the last 3 seasons (Economy rate over wickets)

You can clone/download this latest version of GooglyPlusPlus2021 from Github at gpp2021-7

Take GooglyPlusPlus2021 for a spin!!

Hope you have fun checking out the different tabs with the different options!!

Also see

  1. Deconstructing Convolutional Neural Networks with Tensorflow and Keras
  2. Using Reinforcement Learning to solve Gridworld
  3. Introducing QCSimulator: A 5-qubit quantum computing simulator in R
  4. De-blurring revisited with Wiener filter using OpenCV
  5. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 5
  6. Big Data-4: Webserver log analysis with RDDs, Pyspark, SparkR and SparklyR
  7. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 4
  8. Pitching yorkpy…on the middle and outside off-stump to IPL – Part 2
  9. What would Shakespeare say?
  10. Bull in a china shop – Behind the scenes in android

To see more posts click Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021: Restarting IPL 2021 as-it-happens!!!

The IPL 2021 extravaganza has restarted again, now in Dubai, and it was time for me to crank up good ol’ GooglyPlusPlus2021. As in my earlier post, GooglyPlus2021 with IPL 2021 as it happens, during the initial set of IPL 2021 games,, a command script will execute automatically every day, download the latest data files, unzip, sort, process and put them in appropriate directories so that GooglyPlusPlus can work its magic on the data, with my R package yorkr. You can do analysis of IPL 2021 matches, batsmen, bowlers, historical performance analysis of head-to-head clashes and performances of teams.

Note: Since the earlier instalment of IPL 2021, there are 2 key changes that have taken place in GooglyPlusPlus.

Now,

a) All charts are interactive. You can hover over charts, click, double-click to get more details. To see more details on how to use the interactive charts, see my post GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!

b) You can now analyse historical performances, compute team batting and bowling scorecards for specified periods. To know details see GooglyPlusPlus2021 adds new bells and whistles!

You can try out my app GooglyPlusPlus2021 by clicking GooglyPlusPlus2021

The code for my R package yorkr is available at Github at yorkr

You can clone/fork GooglyPlusPlus2021 from github at gpp2021-6

IPL 2021 is already underway.

Some key analysis and highlights of the 2 recently concluded IPL matches

  • CSK vs MI
  • KKR vs RCB

a) CSK vs MI (19 Sep 2021) – Batting Partnerships (CSK)

b) CSK vs MI (19 Sep 2021) – Bowling scorecard (MI)

c) CSK vs MI (19 Sep 2021) – Match worm chart

Even though MI had a much better start and were cruising along to a victory, they lost the plot around the 18.1 th over as seen below (hover on the chart)

d

d) KKR vs RCB ( 20 Sep 2021) – Bowling wicket match

This chart gives the wickets taken by the bowler and the total runs conceded

e) KKR vs RCB ( 20 Sep 2021) – Match worm chart

This was a no contest. RCB batting was pathetic and KKR blasted their way to victory as seen in this worm chart

Note: You can also do historical analysis of teams with GooglyPlusPlus2021

For the match to occur today PBKS vs RR (21 Sep 2021) we can perform head-to-head historical analysis. Here Kings XI Punjab has been chosen instead of Punjab Kings as that was its name.

f) Head-to-head (PBKS vs RR) today’s match 21 Sep 2021

For the Rajasthan Royals Sanjy Samson and Jos Buttler have the best performance from 2018 -2021 as seen below

For Punjab Kings KL Rahul and Chris Gayle are the leading scorers for the period 2018-2021

g) Current ranking of batsmen IPL 2021

h) Current ranking of bowlers IPL 2021

Also you analyse individual batsman and bowlers

i) Batsman analysis

To see Rituraj Gaikwad performance checkout the batsman tab

j) Bowler analysis

Performance of Varun Chakaravarty

Remember to check out GooglyPlusPlus2021 for your daily analysis of matches, teams, batsmen and bowlers. Your ride will be waiting for you!!!

You can clone/fork GooglyPlusPlus2021 from github at gpp2021-6

GooglyPlusPlus2021 has been updated with all completed 31 matches

 

Mumbai Indians-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-04-09Chennai Super Kings-Delhi Capitals-2021-04-10
Kolkata Knight Riders-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-04-11Punjab Kings-Rajasthan Royals-2021-04-12
Mumbai Indians-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-04-13Royal Challengers Bangalore-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-04-14
Delhi Capitals-Rajasthan Royals-2021-04-15Punjab Kings-Chennai Super Kings-2021-04-16
Mumbai Indians-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-04-17Royal Challengers Bangalore-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-04-18
Punjab Kings-Delhi Capitals-2021-04-18Chennai Super Kings-Rajasthan Royals-2021-04-19
Mumbai Indians-Delhi Capitals-2021-04-20Punjab Kings-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-04-21
Chennai Super Kings-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-04-21Rajasthan Royals-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-04-22
Mumbai Indians-Punjab Kings-2021-04-23Kolkata Knight Riders-Rajasthan Royals-2021-04-24
Chennai Super Kings-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-04-25Delhi Capitals-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-04-25
Punjab Kings-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-04-26Royal Challengers Bangalore-Delhi Capitals-2021-04-27
Sunrisers Hyderabad-Chennai Super Kings-2021-04-28Rajasthan Royals-Mumbai Indians-2021-04-29
Kolkata Knight Riders-Delhi Capitals-2021-04-29Punjab Kings-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-04-30.RData
Chennai Super Kings-Mumbai Indians-2021-05-01Rajasthan Royals-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-05-02
Punjab Kings-Delhi Capitals-2021-05-02Chennai Super Kings-Mumbai Indians-2021-09-19
Royal Challengers Bangalore-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-09-20Rajasthan Royals-Punjab Kings-2021-09-21
Sunrisers Hyderabad-Delhi Capitals-2021-09-22.RDataMumbai Indians-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-09-23.RData
Royal Challengers Bangalore-Chennai Super Kings-2021-09-24.RDataPunjab Kings-Sunrisers Hyderabad-2021-09-25
Delhi Capitals-Rajasthan Royals-2021-09-25.RDataRoyal Challengers Bangalore-Mumbai Indians-2021-09-26.RData
Kolkata Knight Riders-Chennai Super Kings-2021-09-26.RDataKolkata Knight Riders-Chennai Super Kings-2021-09-26.RData
Delhi Capitals-Kolkata Knight Riders-2021-09-28.RDataRajasthan Royals-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-09-29.RData
Sunrisers Hyderabad-Chennai Super Kings-2021-09-30.RDataKolkata Knight Riders-Punjab Kings-2021-10-01.RData
Chennai Super Kings-Rajasthan Royals-2021-10-02.RDataMumbai Indians-Delhi Capitals-2021-10-02.RData
Royal Challengers Bangalore-Punjab Kings-2021-10-03.RDataChennai Super Kings-Delhi Capitals-2021-10-04.RData
Rajasthan Royals-Mumbai Indians-2021-10-05.RDataSunrisers Hyderabad-Royal Challengers Bangalore-2021-10-06.RData

Also see

  1. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 5
  2. Introducing QCSimulator: A 5-qubit quantum computing simulator in R
  3. Computer Vision: Ramblings on derivatives, histograms and contours
  4. Designing a Social Web Portal
  5. Understanding Neural Style Transfer with Tensorflow and Keras
  6. Big Data 6: The T20 Dance of Apache NiFi and yorkpy
  7. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 6
  8. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers
  9. A closer look at “Robot Horse on a Trot” in Android
  10. Cricketr adds team analytics to its repertoire!!!

To see all posts click Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021 adds new bells and whistles!!

This latest update of GooglyPlusPlus2021 includes new controls which allow for granular analysis of teams and matches. This version includes a new ‘Date Range’ widget which will allow you to choose a specific interval between which you would like to analyze data. The Date Range widget has been added to 2 tabs namely

a) Head-to-Head

b) Overall Performance

Important note:

This change is applicable to all T20 formats and ODI formats that GooglyPlusPlus2021 handles. This means you can do fine-grained analysis of the following formats

a. IPL b. Intl. T20 (men) c. Intl. T20 (women)

d. BBL e. NTB f. PSL

g. WBB h. CPL i. SSM

j. ODI (men) k. ODI (women)

Important note 1: Also note that all charts in GooglyPlusPlus2021 are interactive. You ca hover over the charts to get details of the data below. You can also selectively filter in bar charts using double-click and click. To know more about how to use GooglyPlusPlus2021 interactively, please see my post GooglyPlusPlus2021 is now fully interactive!!

You can clone/download the code for GooglyPlusPlus2021 from Github at GooglyPlusPlus2021

Try out GooglyPlusPlus2021 here GooglyPlusPlus2021

Here are some random examples from the latest version of GooglyPlusPlus2021

a) Team Batting Scorecard – MI vs CSK (all matches 2008-2013) – Tendulkar era

Tendulkar is the top scorer, followed by Rohit Sharma and Jayasuriya for Mumbai Indians

b) Team Batting Partnerships (MI -CSK) – Tendulkar’s partnerships

Partnerships for Tendulkar with his MI team mates

c) Team Bowler Wicket Kinds (Opposition countries vs India in all matches in T20)

d) Win vs Loss India vs Australia T20 Women (2010 – 2015)

Australia won all 3 matches against India

e) Win vs Loss India vs Australia T20 Women (2015 – 2020)

Between 2016-2020 the tally is 3-2 for Australia vs India

f) Wins vs Losses – MI vs all other teams 2013 – 2018

g) Team Batting Partnerships Head-to-head Australia vs England ODI (Women)

Partnerships of Australia women EA Perry and AJ Blackwell for Australia

Go ahead give GooglyPlusPlus2021 a try!

Hope you have fun!

Also see

  1. Exploring Quantum Gate operations with QCSimulator
  2. De-blurring revisited with Wiener filter using OpenCV
  3. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 3
  4. Big Data-4: Webserver log analysis with RDDs, Pyspark, SparkR and SparklyR
  5. Cricpy adds team analytics to its arsenal!!
  6. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 5

To see all posts see Index of posts

GooglyPlusPlus2021 bubbles up top T20 players in all formats!

“Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?”
“That depends a good deal on where you want to get to.”
“I don’t much care where –”
“Then it doesn’t matter which way you go.”
                              Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland

This latest version of GooglyPlusPlus2021 has the following updates

– brand new strategy and algorithm for ranking T20 players in any format (IPL, BBL, NTB, PSL etc.)

– integrates the Caribbean Premier League T20 into the app

– includes the latest BBL matches in 2020-2021

– includes all the latest Natwest T20 matches 2020

– has a new and better user interface

Interestingly the new Ranking algorithm has come just before the IPL auction. Check out who’s who in IPL T20 by taking GooglyPlusPlus2021 for ride!!!

Try out GooglyPlusPlus2021!!

You can clone/fork the code from Github at GooglyPlusPlus2021

1) Ranking Algorithm

In my last post GooglyPlusPlus2021 interactively ranks T20 batsmen and bowlers!!!  I had shown how by changing the number of matches played we see that KL Rahul and Rishabh Pant move above Virat Kohli. That set me thinking. So, I redesigned the ranking so that we start to identify newer players earlier.  This is how the new ranking works.

a) Ranking T20 batsmen :

I have the following controls

a) Since year : This tells the year range  to consider for the  batsmen. This slider moves from right to left

b) Matches played : Number of matches played by the batsman in the year range. This moves left to right

c) Mode : The ranking algorithm sorts on and ranks on 2 columns namely Runs and Strike rate. The mode tells whether to consider Runs over Strike rate of Strike rate over runs. 

By default, the control for “Since year” will be set to the ‘beginning of time’ which for IPL data is 2008. If you move the ‘Since year’ since year slider to the left, the ‘Matches played’ slider will move to the right and the corresponding maximum value of matches played will be set appropriately.

b) Ranking T20 Bowlers:

This has the following controls

a) Since year : This tells the year range to consider for  bowler in IPL. Moves right to left.

b) Matches played : Number of matches played by the bowler in the year range. Move left to right.

c) Mode 1: The bowlers are sorted and ranked on 2 columns namely Wickets and Economy rate. The mode tells whether to consider Wickets over Economy rate or Economy rate over wickets when ranking the bowlers. 

By default, the “Since year” will be set to the year when the T20 data is available. If you move the ‘Since year’ since year slider to the left, the ‘Matches played’ slider will move to the right and the corresponding maximum value of matches played will be set appropriately.

2) Strategy for ranking:

Here is the rationale and philosophy behind these controls

The ranking in my earlier post GooglyPlusPlus2021 interactively ranks T20 batsmen and bowlers!!!  is based on sorting batsmen and bowlers from the start of IPL tournament. Hence we will find players who have played a lot of matches. So in the bowler ranking you will SL Malinga who no longer plays IPL.

Hence I decided that the user should be allowed to choose the start year to consider for the ranking. We can move the “Since year’ slider from right to left to choose the data for the year range we are interested in e.g. (2014-2020, or 2017-2020). Changing the ‘Since year’ slider will obviously change the maximum matches played by any player. However the user can move this slider right to left and decide the number of matches to be considered for a batsman or bowler.  Finally, the ‘Mode’. will allow the user to choose whether the list if batsmen should be ranked first by average runs and then average strike rate or vice versa. In the case of bowlers, the choice is whether to first sort by number of wickets and then economy rate or vice versa. 

The consideration for ‘Mode’ and “Mode1′ is that while runs and wickets are important for batsman or bowler, it is clear the Strike rate and Economy rate become critical in ‘death overs‘. Batsmen who can accelerate the scoring rate when needed and bowlers who can put the brakes on during death overs is of paramount importance in T20 cricket.

Let me walk through a  few scenarios in IPL T20. The same functionality is also available in alll other T20 formats (Intl. T20 (men, women), BBL, NTB, PSL, WBB, CPL etc.)

3) Ranking IPL batsmen

Note: Those players who are underlined in red are the shooting stars**

a) Scenario 1

These are  the consistent and reliable players

Since year = 2013, Matches played = 95 and Mode = ‘Runs over Strike Rate’

 

 

b) Scenario 2

Since year = 2015, Matches played = 67 and Mode = ‘Runs over Strike Rate’

c) Scenario 3

We can turn the above over its head and choose Mode = “Strike rate over Runs’

Since year = 2015, Matches played = 67 and Mode = ‘Strike Rate over Runs’

d) Scenario 4: 

Since year = 2018, Matches played = 35 and Mode = ‘Runs over Strike Rate’

4) Ranking IPL bowlers

e) Scenario 5:

Since year = 2016, Matches played = 55 and Mode1 = ‘ Wickets over Economy Rate’

f) Scenario 6

Since year = 2018, Matches played = 33 and Mode1 = ‘ Economy Rate over wickets’. Note the economy rate is sorted in ascending order

Note:  Incidentally the ranking of IPL and other T20 players in my earlier posts is a special case, when you consider all matches from the beginning of time (or since the data is available, rather than choosing a range from later years).

Note 1: Personally, if I had to form a team, I would choose

– at least 2-3 batsmen who are reliable and have good average runs and a good strike rate

– 2 batsmen who can be used to accelerate strike rate during critical junctures or at death overs

– 2-3 bowlers who have a great record of wicket taking with good economy rate (2 + 1 pace/spin)

– 2 bowlers who have good economy rate over wickets

– 2 all rounders with good batting and bowling average

– 1 wicketkeeper batsmen

The key point is how many matches would you consider as a minimum for reliability or strike rate. More is good but not always better as you could miss out on rising stars* who may be risky but good picks and possibly cost less, since the team composition will also depend on the available budget for each team. You could also check other T20 formats for good T20 players. Creating a T20 team in IPL is an optimization problem where the objective is to maximize the runs, strike rate for batsmen,  or maximizing the wickets taken, while minimizing the economy rate for bowlers with the constraint of the overall budget of the team.

Note 2: The ranking algorithm has been included for all T20 formats in GooglyPlusPlus2020. See below

5) International T20 Batsmen (men) ranking

Since year = 2012, Matches played = 50 and Mode = ‘Runs over Strike Rate’

 

6) International T20 Bowlers (men) ranking

Since year = 2013, Matches played = 33 and Mode1 = ‘Wickets over Economy Rate ‘

Here are some top class T20 bowlers

 

7) International T20 Batsmen (women) ranking

Since year = 2015, Matches played = 29 and Mode = ‘Runs over Strike Rate’. Smriti Mandhana makes it to the top 3 in Runs over Strike Rate!

 

 

and 2nd when Strike rate over runs is considered!

 

8) Integrating Carribean Premier League T20

In this version I have also integrated Carribean Premier League (CPL). It took me about 3 -4  hours of focused work to setup the data and the associated code. Like every other T20 format,  CPL league has access to 100+ functions of yorkr. So you can do analysis of CPL batsmen, bowlers, CPL matches, CPL head-to-head confrontation and CPL team against all other teams besides the ranking function. You can also generate batting and bowling scorecard for matches, for a team against all other teams and the overall scorecard in all matches against all other teams. Here is a random sample

a) C Munro – Cumulative Average Runs

 

b) RR Emrit – Bowler’s wickets against opposition

 

c) Head-to-head (Barbados Tridents vs Antigua Hawkbill all matches)

 

d) Rank CPL batsmen 

Since year= 2016, Matches played = 41 Mode = Strike rate over Runs

Nicholas Pooran tops the list

9) BBL 2020-21

GooglyPlusPlus2021 now has the latest Big Bash League matches of 2020-21, in fact “hot off the pitch“. So you should be able to do all the analysis on current BBL data namely batsmen and bowler analysis, match analysis, team analysis vs another team or against all other teams, and finally ranking of batsmen and bowlers. Here is a sample with yesterday’s match

a) Match scorecard -Perth Scorchers- Sydney Sixers 06 Feb 2021 (Final)

 

b) Predict runs of batsman – CA Lynn

 

10) Natwest T20 Blast 2020

I noticed recently the Cricsheet  has more data. Now NTB data includes all matches till 2020. This data has been incorporated into NTB and you should be able to use all the yorkr functions to analyze batsmen, bowlers, teams, team-vs-team and team vs all other teams, besides the ranking functions. Here are a couple below

a) Head-to-head Derbyshire vs Essex all matches

 

b) Team Batsmen vs Bowlers – All matches all opposition Leicestershire (MJ Cosgrove)

 

Do check out the various functions of GooglyPlusPlus2021. Take a look at the ranks of the T20 batsmen and bowlers. Hope you have a good time!

Take GooglyPlusPlus2021 for a test ride!!

Feel free to clone/fork the code from Github at GooglyPlusPlus2021

Also see

  1. Cricketr adds team analytics to its repertoire!!!
  2. Introducing cricket package yorkr: Part 2-Trapped leg before wicket
  3. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers
  4. Big Data-5: kNiFi-ing through cricket data with yorkpy
  5. Using Linear Programming (LP) for optimizing bowling change or batting lineup in T20 cricket
  6. See all 72+ posts on cricket in R, Python and Octave
  7. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 5
  8. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 3
  9. Understanding Neural Style Transfer with Tensorflow and Keras

To see all post click Index of posts

 

 

GooglyPlusPlus2021 interactively ranks T20 batsmen and bowlers!!!

Every time I think that I have my R packages or Shiny apps all wrapped up, I find another idea trots up and knocks at my door. Since I intend to keep GooglyPlusPlus current with the latest data, I decided to include the ranking functions in my Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus.

Fortunately, since GooglyPlusPlus is based on my R package ‘yorkr‘ (see Introducing cricket package yorkr: Beaten by sheer pace!), I could make the necessary changes to the ranking functions in the package, so that it could be incorporated into my latest Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus2021!! To know how to use GooglyPlusPlus see my post Introducing GooglyPlusPlus

Note: GooglyPlusPlus can analyze batsmen, bowlers, matches and teams.

Take GooglyPlusPlus2021 for a test drive!!!

You can clone/fork GooglyPlusPlus2021 from Github

Here are a few scenarios from GooglyPlusPlus2021

A) Ranking batsmen

Ranking IPL batsmen (minMatches = 80) – The following table shows the ranking of IPL players who have played 80 matches or more

B) Identifying batsmen of potential and promise

Ranking IPL batsmen (minMatches =70) –  If we reduce the minimum number of matches played to 70, then we see it pushes up KL Rahul above Kohli.

Ranking IPL batsmen (minMatches =60) – When the slider is moved to 60, we see that Rishabh Pant has a better mean average and mean strike rate and is also ranked above Kohli. We can identify promising players this way. However, it is also likely that some players may be just a bright flash in the pan

C) Ranking T20 bowlers (men)

D) Ranking NTB Batsmen

GooglyPlusPlus2021 can rank all T20 formats (IPL, BBL, Intl. T20 (men), Intl. T20 (women), NTB, PSL and WBB. Do give it a try!

Also remember that GooglyPlusPlus2021 includes close to 100+ functions which enable it to perform analysis of batsmen, bowlers, T20 matches, head-to-head confrontation of T20 teams and overall performance of T20 teams . To know more about GooglyPlusPlus2021 see Introducing GooglyPlusPlus

You can download the code for this app from Github at GooglyPlusPlus2021

Do give GooglyPlusPlus2021 a spin!!

I do have some other ideas also which I will be incorporating  into GooglyPlusPlus2021.

Watch this space!!

Also see
1. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 7
2. A method to crowd source pothole marking on (Indian) roads
3. Big Data 7: yorkr waltzes with Apache NiFi
4. Understanding Neural Style Transfer with Tensorflow and Keras
5. Revisiting World Bank data analysis with WDI and gVisMotionChart
6. Natural language processing: What would Shakespeare say?
7. Introducing QCSimulator: A 5-qubit quantum computing simulator in R
8. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers
9. Simulating an Edge Shape in Android

To see all posts click Index of posts

Benford’s law meets IPL, Intl. T20 and ODI cricket

“To grasp how different a million is from a billion, think about it like this: A million seconds is a little under two weeks; a billion seconds is about thirty-two years.”

“One of the pleasures of looking at the world through mathematical eyes is that you can see certain patterns that would otherwise be hidden.”

               Steven Strogatz, Prof at Cornell University

Introduction

Within the last two weeks, I was introduced to Benford’s Law by 2 of my friends. Initially, I looked it up and Google and was quite intrigued by the law. Subsequently another friends asked me to check the ‘Digits’ episode, from the “Connected” series on Netflix by Latif Nasser, which I strongly recommend you watch.

Benford’s Law also called the Newcomb–Benford law, the law of anomalous numbers, or the First Digit Law states that, when dealing with quantities obtained from Nature, the frequency of appearance of each digit in the first significant place is logarithmic. For example, in sets that obey the law, the number 1 appears as the leading significant digit about 30.1% of the time, the number 2 about 17.6%, number 3 about 12.5% all the way to the number 9 at 4.6%. This interesting logarithmic pattern is observed in most natural datasets from population densities, river lengths, heights of skyscrapers, tax returns etc. What is really curious about this law, is that when we measure the lengths of rivers, the law holds perfectly regardless of the units used to measure. So the length of the rivers would obey the law whether we measure in meters, feet, miles etc. There is something almost mystical about this law.

The law has also been used widely to detect financial fraud, manipulations in tax statements, bots in twitter, fake accounts in social networks, image manipulation etc. In this age of deep fakes, the ability to detect fake images will assume paramount importance. While deviations from Benford Law do not always signify fraud, to large extent they point to an aberration. Prof Nigrini, of Cape Town used this law to identify financial discrepancies in Enron’s financial statement resulting in the infamous scandal. Also the 2009 Iranian election was found to be fradulent as the first digit percentages did not conform to those specified by Benford’s Law.

While it cannot be said with absolute certainty, marked deviations from Benford’s law could possibly indicate that there has been manipulation of natural processes. Possibly Benford’s law could be used to detect large scale match-fixing in cricket tournaments. However, we cannot look at this in isolation and the other statistical and forensic methods may be required to determine if there is fraud. Here is an interesting paper Promises and perils of Benford’s law

A set of numbers is said to satisfy Benford’s law if the leading digit d (d ∈ {1, …, 9}) occurs with probability

P(d)=log_{10}(1+1/d)

This law also works for number in other bases, in base b >=2

P(d)=log_{b}(1+1/d)

Interestingly, this law also applies to sports on the number of point scored in basketball etc. I was curious to see if this applied to cricket. Previously, using my R package yorkr, I had already converted all T20 data and ODI data from Cricsheet which is available at yorkrData2020, I wanted to check if Benford’s Law worked on the runs scored, or deliveries faced by batsmen at team level or at a tournament level (IPL, Intl. T20 or ODI).

Thankfully, R has a package benford.analysis to check for data behaviour in accordance to Benford’s Law, and I have used this package in my post

This post is also available in RPubs as Benford’s Law meets IPL, Intl. T20 and ODI

library(data.table)
library(reshape2)
library(dplyr)
library(benford.analysis)
library(yorkr)

In this post, I have randomly check data with Benford’s law. The fully converted dataset is available in yorkrData2020 which I have included above. You can try on any dataset including ODI (men,women),Intl T20(men,women),IPL,BBL,PSL,NTB and WBB.

1. Check the runs distribution by Royal Challengers Bangalore

We can see the behaviour is as expected with Benford’s law, with minor deviations

load("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/ipl/iplBattingBowlingDetails/Royal Challengers Bangalore-BattingDetails.RData")
rcbRunsTrends = benford(battingDetails$runs, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
rcbRunsTrends
## 
## Benford object:
##  
## Data: battingDetails$runs 
## Number of observations used = 1205 
## Number of obs. for second order = 99 
## First digits analysed = 1
## 
## Mantissa: 
## 
##    Statistic  Value
##         Mean  0.458
##          Var  0.091
##  Ex.Kurtosis -1.213
##     Skewness -0.025
## 
## 
## The 5 largest deviations: 
## 
##   digits absolute.diff
## 1      1         14.26
## 2      7         13.88
## 3      9          8.14
## 4      6          5.33
## 5      4          4.78
## 
## Stats:
## 
##  Pearson's Chi-squared test
## 
## data:  battingDetails$runs
## X-squared = 5.2091, df = 8, p-value = 0.735
## 
## 
##  Mantissa Arc Test
## 
## data:  battingDetails$runs
## L2 = 0.0022852, df = 2, p-value = 0.06369
## 
## Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD): 0.004941381
## MAD Conformity - Nigrini (2012): Close conformity
## Distortion Factor: -18.8725
## 
## Remember: Real data will never conform perfectly to Benford's Law. You should not focus on p-values!

2. Check the ‘balls played’ distribution by Royal Challengers Bangalore

load("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/ipl/iplBattingBowlingDetails/Royal Challengers Bangalore-BattingDetails.RData")
rcbBallsPlayedTrends = benford(battingDetails$ballsPlayed, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
plot(rcbBallsPlayedTrends)

 

3. Check the runs distribution by Chennai Super Kings

The trend seems to deviate from the expected behavior to some extent in the number of digits for 5 & 7.

load("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/ipl/iplBattingBowlingDetails/Chennai Super Kings-BattingDetails.RData")
cskRunsTrends = benford(battingDetails$runs, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
cskRunsTrends
## 
## Benford object:
##  
## Data: battingDetails$runs 
## Number of observations used = 1054 
## Number of obs. for second order = 94 
## First digits analysed = 1
## 
## Mantissa: 
## 
##    Statistic  Value
##         Mean  0.466
##          Var  0.081
##  Ex.Kurtosis -1.100
##     Skewness -0.054
## 
## 
## The 5 largest deviations: 
## 
##   digits absolute.diff
## 1      5         27.54
## 2      2         18.40
## 3      1         17.29
## 4      9         14.23
## 5      7         14.12
## 
## Stats:
## 
##  Pearson's Chi-squared test
## 
## data:  battingDetails$runs
## X-squared = 22.862, df = 8, p-value = 0.003545
## 
## 
##  Mantissa Arc Test
## 
## data:  battingDetails$runs
## L2 = 0.002376, df = 2, p-value = 0.08173
## 
## Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD): 0.01309597
## MAD Conformity - Nigrini (2012): Marginally acceptable conformity
## Distortion Factor: -17.90664
## 
## Remember: Real data will never conform perfectly to Benford's Law. You should not focus on p-values!

4. Check runs distribution in all of Indian Premier League (IPL)

battingDF <- NULL
teams <-c("Chennai Super Kings","Deccan Chargers","Delhi Daredevils",
          "Kings XI Punjab", 'Kochi Tuskers Kerala',"Kolkata Knight Riders",
          "Mumbai Indians", "Pune Warriors","Rajasthan Royals",
          "Royal Challengers Bangalore","Sunrisers Hyderabad","Gujarat Lions",
          "Rising Pune Supergiants")


setwd("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/ipl/iplBattingBowlingDetails")
for(team in teams){
  battingDetails <- NULL
  val <- paste(team,"-BattingDetails.RData",sep="")
  print(val)
  tryCatch(load(val),
           error = function(e) {
             print("No data1")
             setNext=TRUE
           }
           
           
  )
  details <- battingDetails
  battingDF <- rbind(battingDF,details)
}
## [1] "Chennai Super Kings-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Deccan Chargers-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Delhi Daredevils-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Kings XI Punjab-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Kochi Tuskers Kerala-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Kolkata Knight Riders-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Mumbai Indians-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Pune Warriors-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Rajasthan Royals-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Royal Challengers Bangalore-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Sunrisers Hyderabad-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Gujarat Lions-BattingDetails.RData"
## [1] "Rising Pune Supergiants-BattingDetails.RData"
trends = benford(battingDF$runs, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
trends
## 
## Benford object:
##  
## Data: battingDF$runs 
## Number of observations used = 10129 
## Number of obs. for second order = 123 
## First digits analysed = 1
## 
## Mantissa: 
## 
##    Statistic   Value
##         Mean  0.4521
##          Var  0.0856
##  Ex.Kurtosis -1.1570
##     Skewness -0.0033
## 
## 
## The 5 largest deviations: 
## 
##   digits absolute.diff
## 1      2        159.37
## 2      9        121.48
## 3      7         93.40
## 4      8         83.12
## 5      1         61.87
## 
## Stats:
## 
##  Pearson's Chi-squared test
## 
## data:  battingDF$runs
## X-squared = 78.166, df = 8, p-value = 1.143e-13
## 
## 
##  Mantissa Arc Test
## 
## data:  battingDF$runs
## L2 = 5.8237e-05, df = 2, p-value = 0.5544
## 
## Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD): 0.006627966
## MAD Conformity - Nigrini (2012): Acceptable conformity
## Distortion Factor: -20.90333
## 
## Remember: Real data will never conform perfectly to Benford's Law. You should not focus on p-values!

5. Check Benford’s law in India matches

setwd("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/t20/t20BattingBowlingDetails")
load("India-BattingDetails.RData")

indiaTrends = benford(battingDetails$runs, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
plot(indiaTrends)

 

6. Check Benford’s law in all of Intl. T20

setwd("/Users/tvganesh/backup/software/cricket-package/yorkr-cricsheet/yorkrData2020/t20/t20BattingBowlingDetails")
teams <-c("Australia","India","Pakistan","West Indies", 'Sri Lanka',
          "England", "Bangladesh","Netherlands","Scotland", "Afghanistan",
          "Zimbabwe","Ireland","New Zealand","South Africa","Canada",
          "Bermuda","Kenya","Hong Kong","Nepal","Oman","Papua New Guinea",
          "United Arab Emirates","Namibia","Cayman Islands","Singapore",
          "United States of America","Bhutan","Maldives","Botswana","Nigeria",
          "Denmark","Germany","Jersey","Norway","Qatar","Malaysia","Vanuatu",
          "Thailand")

for(team in teams){
  battingDetails <- NULL
  val <- paste(team,"-BattingDetails.RData",sep="")
  print(val)
  tryCatch(load(val),
           error = function(e) {
             print("No data1")
             setNext=TRUE
           }
           
           
  )
  details <- battingDetails
  battingDF <- rbind(battingDF,details)
  
}
intlT20Trends = benford(battingDF$runs, number.of.digits = 1, discrete = T, sign = "positive") 
intlT20Trends
## 
## Benford object:
##  
## Data: battingDF$runs 
## Number of observations used = 21833 
## Number of obs. for second order = 131 
## First digits analysed = 1
## 
## Mantissa: 
## 
##    Statistic  Value
##         Mean  0.447
##          Var  0.085
##  Ex.Kurtosis -1.158
##     Skewness  0.018
## 
## 
## The 5 largest deviations: 
## 
##   digits absolute.diff
## 1      2        361.40
## 2      9        276.02
## 3      1        264.61
## 4      7        210.14
## 5      8        198.81
## 
## Stats:
## 
##  Pearson's Chi-squared test
## 
## data:  battingDF$runs
## X-squared = 202.29, df = 8, p-value < 2.2e-16
## 
## 
##  Mantissa Arc Test
## 
## data:  battingDF$runs
## L2 = 5.3983e-06, df = 2, p-value = 0.8888
## 
## Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD): 0.007821098
## MAD Conformity - Nigrini (2012): Acceptable conformity
## Distortion Factor: -24.11086
## 
## Remember: Real data will never conform perfectly to Benford's Law. You should not focus on p-values!

Conclusion

Maths rules our lives, more than we are aware, more that we like to admit. It is there in all of nature. Whether it is the recursive patterns of Mandelbrot sets, the intrinsic notion of beauty through the golden ratio, the murmuration of swallows, the synchronous blinking of fireflies or in the almost univerality of Benford’s law on natural datasets, mathematics govern us.

Isn’t it strange that while we humans pride ourselves of freewill, the runs scored by batsmen in particular formats conform to Benford’s rule for the first digits. It almost looks like, the runs that will be scored is almost to extent predetermined to fall within specified ranges obeying Benford’s law. So much for choice.

Something to be pondered over!

Also see

  1. Introducing GooglyPlusPlus!!!
  2. Deconstructing Convolutional Neural Networks with Tensorflow and Keras
  3. Going deeper into IBM’s Quantum Experience!
  4. Experiments with deblurring using OpenCV
  5. Big Data 6: The T20 Dance of Apache NiFi and yorkpy
  6. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 4
  7. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 4
  8. Re-introducing cricketr! : An R package to analyze performances of cricketers
  9. Bull in a china shop – Behind the scenes in Android

Introducing GooglyPlusPlus!!!

“We can lift ourselves out of ignorance, we can find ourselves as creatures of excellence and intelligence and skill.”
“Heaven is not a place, and it is not a time. Heaven is being perfect.”
“Your whole body, from wingtip to wingtip, is nothing more than your thought itself, in a form you can see. Break the chains of your thought, and you break the chains of your body, too.”

From Jonathan Livingstone Seagull, by Richard Bach

Introduction

The metamorphosis is complete, from eggs to the butterfly! My R package yorkr, went on to become Googly,  and then to GooglyPlus and  now finally GooglyPlusPlus. My latest R Shiny app now provides interactive visualisation of almost all data in Cricsheet. GooglyPlusPlus visualizes the following matches

1. ODI (men)
2. ODI (women)
3. Intl. T20 (men)
4. Intl T20 (women)
5. IPL (Indian Premier League)
6. BBL (Big Bash League)
7. NTB (Natwest T20)
8. PSL (Pakistan Super League)
9. WBBL – Women’s BBL

GooglyPlusPlus is entirely based on my R package yorkr. To know more about yorkr see ‘Revitalizing R package yorkr‘ and the roughly 25+ posts on yorkr in Index of posts

This Shiny app was quite involved, and it took a lot of work to keep things organised and separate for the different forms of cricket. Anyway it is done and I am happy with the outcome.

Before you use the app, I would suggest that you take a look at the video “How to use GooglyPlusPlus?“. In this video, I show the different features of GooglyPlusPlus and how to navigate through them.

Check out GooglyPlusPlus Shiny at GooglyPlusPlus

You can clone/fork and play around with the code of GooglyPlusPlus here at Github

A. Highlights of GooglyPlusPlus.

The R Shiny app GooglyPlusPlus has the following main pages for the 9 different cricket formats. See below

 

Important note: Below I will be including some random output from the GooglyPlusPlus app for different match formats, however there is a lot more features in GooglyPlusPlus

1.  Indian Premier League (IPL)

a. IPL batsman – Batsman Runs vs Deliveries

 

b. IPL Match – Match  batting scorecard

 

c. Head-to-head between 2 IPL Teams – Team Batsmen Batting Partnership All Matches

 

 

 

d. Overall Performance – Team Bowling Scorecard Overall

 

 

 

2. International T20 Men

a. Batsman Function- Runs vs Strike rate

 

 

 

b. Bowler Function – Mean Economy Rate

 

 

3. International T20 (Women)

a.Batsman Functions – Batsman Cumulative Average Runs

 

 

b. Intl T20 Women’s match – Match worm Graph

 

 

 

 

 

4. Big Bash League (BBL)

a.Head-to-Head: Team batsmen batting partnerships

 

b.  Overall Performance – Team batsmen vs bowlers

 

 

5. Natwest T20 (NTB)

a. Head-to-head : Team bowlers vs batsmen

 

 

 

b. Batsman Runs vs Deliveries

 

 

6. Pakistan Super League (PSL)

a. Overall Performance – Batsmen Partnership

 

b. Bowling Scorecard

 

7. Women’s Big Bash League (WBBL)

a. Bowler wicket against opposition

 

 

8. One Day International (ODI) Men

a. Batsman Runs Against Opposition

 

b. Team Batsmen against bowlers

 

 

9. One Day International (ODI) women)

a. Match Batting Scorecard

b. Batsman Cumulative Strike Rate

 

 

 

Conclusion

There you have it. I have randomly shown  2 functions for each cricket format. There are many functions in each tab for the for the different match formats – namely IPL, BBL, Intl T20 (men,women), PSL etc.  Go ahead and give GooglyPlusPlus a spin!

To try out GooglyPlusPlus click GooglyPlusPlus. Don’t forget to check out the video How to use GooglyPlusPlus?

You can clone/fork the code from Github at GooglyPlusPlus

Hope you have fun with GooglyPlusPlus!!

You may also like

1. Big Data 6: The T20 Dance of Apache NiFi and yorkpy
2. Deep Learning from first principles in Python, R and Octave – Part 7
3. De-blurring revisited with Wiener filter using OpenCV
4. Exploring Quantum Gate operations with QCSimulator
5. Latency, throughput implications for the Cloud
6. Programming Zen and now – Some essential tips-2
7. The Anomaly
8. Practical Machine Learning with R and Python – Part 3
9. Introducing cricpy:A python package to analyze performances of cricketers
10. The making of Total Control Android game

To see all posts click Index of posts